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Science. 2007 Mar 23;315(5819):1726-9. Epub 2007 Feb 8.

Crystal structures of the adenylate sensor from fission yeast AMP-activated protein kinase.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


The 5'-AMP (adenosine monophosphate)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) coordinates metabolic function with energy availability by responding to changes in intracellular ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and AMP concentrations. Here, we report crystal structures at 2.9 and 2.6 A resolution for ATP- and AMP-bound forms of a core alphabetagamma adenylate-binding domain from the fission yeast AMPK homolog. ATP and AMP bind competitively to a single site in the gamma subunit, with their respective phosphate groups positioned near function-impairing mutants. Unexpectedly, ATP binds without counterions, amplifying its electrostatic effects on a critical regulatory region where all three subunits converge.

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