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Items: 1 to 20 of 85

1.

Deafness, autosomal recessive 116

Autosomal recessive deafness-116 (DFNB116) is characterized by slowly progressive moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), with a steeply sloping audiogram in the high frequencies in younger patients (Sineni et al., 2019). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1726617
Concept ID:
C5436789
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Agenesis of corpus callosum, cardiac, ocular, and genital syndrome

Agenesis of corpus callosum, cardiac, ocular, and genital syndrome (ACOGS) is a syndromic neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by global developmental delay and/or intellectual disability, corpus callosum agenesis or hypoplasia, craniofacial dysmorphisms, and ocular, cardiac, and genital anomalies (Accogli et al., 2019). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1718475
Concept ID:
C5394523
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Autism, susceptibility to, 20

MedGen UID:
1717195
Concept ID:
C5394226
Finding
4.

Basal ganglia calcification, idiopathic, 8, autosomal recessive

Autosomal recessive idiopathic basal ganglia calcification-8 (IBGC8) is a progressive neurologic disorder with insidious onset of motor symptoms in adulthood. Affected individuals develop gait difficulties, parkinsonism, pyramidal signs, and dysarthria. Some may demonstrate cognitive decline or memory impairment. Brain imaging shows extensive calcifications in various brain regions including the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebellum. Because serum calcium and phosphate are normal, the disorder is thought to result from defects in the integrity of the neurovascular unit in the brain (summary by Schottlaender et al., 2020). For a phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of IBGC, see IBGC1 (213600). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1713414
Concept ID:
C5394199
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 14

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia-14 (ARVD14) is characterized by palpitations, chest pain, and presyncope. Electrocardiography shows epsilon waves, T-wave inversion across anterior leads, premature ventricular contractions, ventricular tachycardia, and left bundle branch block. Dilation of the right ventricle with hypokinesia and aneurysmal changes are seen on echocardiography. Cardiac MRI may show fibrofatty infiltration, which has been confirmed by endocardial biopsy in some patients. Sudden death may occur (Mayosi et al., 2017). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of ARVD, see ARVD1 (107970). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1712001
Concept ID:
C5394505
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Neurodevelopmental disorder with behavioral abnormalities, absent speech, and hypotonia

Neurodevelopmental disorder with behavioral abnormalities, absent speech, and hypotonia (NEDBASH) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severely impaired intellectual and motor development, axial and peripheral hypotonia usually with inability to walk, and significant behavioral abnormalities consistent with autism spectrum disorder and reminiscent of Rett syndrome (RTT; 312750), such as poor communication, stereotypic or repetitive behaviors, hand-wringing, bruxism, and sleep disturbances. Other features include poor overall growth, and joint hypermobility. Rare features include seizures, dystonia, spasticity, and nonspecific brain abnormalities (summary by Abu-Libdeh et al., 2019 and Dias et al., 2019). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1684663
Concept ID:
C5231471
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Neurodevelopmental disorder with central and peripheral motor dysfunction

Neurodevelopmental disorder with central and peripheral motor dysfunction (NEDCPMD) is an autosomal recessive neurologic disorder with a highly variable phenotype. At the severe end of the spectrum, patients may have hypotonia apparent from birth, necessitating mechanical respiration and tube-feeding, and global developmental delay with absence of reaction to touch and no eye contact. At the mild end of the spectrum, patients may present with infantile-onset progressive ataxia and demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. The disorder is caused by mutation in the NFASC gene, which has several neuronal- and glial-specific transcripts. The variable clinical phenotype may be caused by several factors, including the severity of the mutation, the selective involvement of distinct isoforms by pathogenic variants, and the presence of genetic modifiers (summary by Monfrini et al., 2019). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1674767
Concept ID:
C5193049
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Hypomagnesemia 5, renal, with ocular involvement

HOMG5 is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe renal magnesium wasting, progressive renal failure, nephrocalcinosis, and severe visual impairment (Konrad et al., 2006). Amelogenesis imperfecta may also be present in some patients (Yamaguti et al., 2017). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of renal hypomagnesemia, see 602014. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648449
Concept ID:
C4721891
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy 2

Congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy-2 is an autosomal dominant neurologic disorder characterized by early-onset hypotonia, severely delayed motor development, muscle weakness with areflexia, and severely decreased nerve conduction velocities (NCV) resulting from improper myelination of axons. The severity is variable: some patients may present at birth with contractures and respiratory insufficiency, whereas others may achieve walking (summary by Warner et al., 1996). CHN shows significant phenotypic overlap with Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS; 145900), which is also a neuropathy with early onset. Some classify the disorders differently, noting that CHN is characterized by hypo- or amyelination resulting from a congenital defect in myelin formation, whereas DSS has features of continuous myelin breakdown, with demyelination and remyelination (summary by Smit et al., 2008). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of CHN, see CHN1 (605253). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648446
Concept ID:
C4722277
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy 3

Congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy-3 is an autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by onset of neurogenic muscle impairment in utero. Affected individuals present at birth with severe hypotonia, often causing respiratory insufficiency or failure and inability to swallow or feed properly. They have profoundly impaired psychomotor development and may die in infancy or early childhood. Those that survive are unable to sit or walk. Sural nerve biopsy shows hypomyelination of the nerve fibers, and brain imaging often shows impaired myelination and cerebral and cerebellar atrophy. Nerve conduction velocities are severely decreased (about 10 m/s) or absent due to improper myelination (summary by Vallat et al., 2016 and Low et al., 2018). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of CHN, see CHN1 (605253). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1648417
Concept ID:
C4748608
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Pseudo-TORCH syndrome 1

MedGen UID:
1639355
Concept ID:
C4552078
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Blepharocheilodontic syndrome 1

The blepharocheilodontic syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by lower eyelid ectropion, upper eyelid distichiasis, euryblepharon, bilateral cleft lip and palate, and conical teeth. An additional rare manifestation is imperforate anus (summary by Weaver et al., 2010). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1632198
Concept ID:
C4551988
Disease or Syndrome
13.

HELIX syndrome

HELIX syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by Hypohidrosis, Electrolyte imbalance, Lacrimal gland dysfunction, Ichthyosis, and Xerostomia (summary by Hadj-Rabia et al., 2018). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1621482
Concept ID:
C4522164
Disease or Syndrome
14.

CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE, AXONAL, TYPE 2FF

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2FF (CMT2FF) is an autosomal dominant progressive axonal sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy characterized by early-childhood onset of difficulties walking or running due to atrophy and weakness of the lower limbs. Most patients have foot and ankle deformities, requiring surgery or walking aids. Some patients lose independent ambulation. There is also prominent involvement of the upper limbs, with weakness and atrophy of the forearm, wrist, and intrinsic hand muscles. Proximal muscle function is preserved. Affected individuals have variable distal sensory impairment. Most patients have hyporeflexia, although brisk reflexes, suggesting upper motor involvement, have been described in 1 family. Sural nerve biopsy showed abnormal myelination (Rebelo et al., 2021). For a phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of axonal CMT type 2, see CMT2A (118210). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
982215
Concept ID:
CN300474
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 22

Hypomyelinating leukodystrophy-22 (HLD22) is a neurologic disorder characterized by global developmental delay with mildly impaired intellectual development and marked motor impairment with limited or no ability to walk and dysarthria. Affected individuals have limb spasticity with pyramidal signs, as well as nystagmus, hypermetropia, and astigmatism. Brain imaging shows hypomyelination and a delay in myelination, although serial imaging shows some progress in both the central and peripheral white matter regions (Riedhammer et al., 2021). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of HLD, see 312080. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
982144
Concept ID:
CN300365
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Immunodeficiency 79

Immunodeficiency-79 (IMD79) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by childhood onset of recurrent and recalcitrant skin warts due to uncontrolled viral infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). Some patients may also have recurrent respiratory infections beginning in childhood, but the phenotype overall is mild compared to other primary immunodeficiencies. Patients may not come to attention until adulthood. Laboratory studies show absence of the CD4 antigen on T cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells, with variable secondary abnormalities in B cells and NK cells due to lack of CD4+ T cells (summary by Lisco et al., 2021). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
980869
Concept ID:
CN296016
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Azoospermia, obstructive, with nephrolithiasis

Obstructive azoospermia with nephrolithiasis (OAZON) is characterized by male infertility due to obstruction at the head of the epididymis, as well as hypercalciuria and kidney stones (Askari et al., 2019). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
979324
Concept ID:
CN295913
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Spastic paraplegia 75, autosomal recessive

Spastic paraplegia-75 (SPG75) is an autosomal recessive, slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by onset of spastic paraplegia and cognitive impairment in childhood (summary by Lossos et al., 2015). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal recessive SPG, see SPG5A (270800). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
896387
Concept ID:
C4225250
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Lethal congenital contracture syndrome 7

Lethal congenital contracture syndrome-7, an axoglial form of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), is characterized by congenital distal joint contractures, polyhydramnios, reduced fetal movements, and severe motor paralysis leading to death early in the neonatal period (Laquerriere et al., 2014). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of lethal congenital contracture syndrome, see LCCS1 (253310). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
894160
Concept ID:
C4225386
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome type V

Immune dysregulation with autoimmunity, immunodeficiency, and lymphoproliferation (IDAIL) is an autosomal dominant complex immune disorder with highly variable presentation and clinical manifestations. Prominent features include recurrent infections often associated with hypogammaglobulinemia, autoimmune features such as autoimmune cytopenias, and abnormal lymphocytic infiltration of nonlymphoid organs, including the lungs, brain, and gastrointestinal tract, resulting in enteropathy. Laboratory studies often show lymphopenia and abnormal T and B cell subsets. The variable features are a result of impaired function of Treg cells, which play a role in immune homeostasis (summary by Kuehn et al., 2014; Schwab et al., 2018, and Lopez-Nevado et al., 2021). The disorder shows overlapping features with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS); for a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of ALPS, see 601859. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
863651
Concept ID:
C4015214
Disease or Syndrome
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