RING finger, HC subclass, found in tripartite motif-containing protein 59 (TRIM59) and similar proteins
TRIM59, also known as RING finger protein 104 (RNF104) or tumor suppressor TSBF-1, is a putative E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that functions as a novel multiple cancer biomarker for immunohistochemical detection of early tumorigenesis. It is upregulated in gastric cancer and promotes gastric carcinogenesis by interacting with and targeting the P53 tumor suppressor for its ubiquitination and degradation. It also acts as a novel accessory molecule involved in cytotoxicity of BCG-activated macrophages (BAM). Moreover, TRIM59 may serve as a multifunctional regulator for innate immune signaling pathways. It interacts with ECSIT and negatively regulates nuclear factor-kappaB (NF- kappa B) and interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-3/7-mediated signal pathways. TRIM59 belongs to the C-V subclass of TRIM (tripartite motif) family of proteins that are defined by an N-terminal RBCC (RING, Bbox, and coiled coil) domains, including three consecutive zinc-binding domains, a C3HC4-type RING-HC finger, Bbox1 and Bbox2, and a coiled coil region. In addition, TRIM59 contains a C-terminal transmembrane domain.