Modified RING finger, HC subclass (C3HC3D-type), found in neuregulin receptor degradation protein-1 (Nrdp1) and similar proteins
Nrdp1 (referred to as FLRF in mice), also known as RING finger protein 41 (RNF41), is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that plays a critical role in the regulation of cell growth and apoptosis, inflammation and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as well as in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiac injury. It promoten and degradation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB) family member, ErbB3, which is independent of growth factor stimulation. It also promotes M2 macrophage polarization by ubiquitinating and activating transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding Protein beta (C/EBPbeta) via Lys-63-linked ubiquitination. Moreover, Nrdp1 interacts with and modulates activity of Parkin, a causative protein for early onset recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP). It also interacts with ubiquitin-specific protease 8 (USP8), which is involved in trafficking of various transmembrane proteins. Furthermore, Nrdp1 inhibits basal lysosomal degradation and enhances ectodomain shedding of JAK2-associated cytokine receptors. Its phosphorylation by the kinase Par-1b (also known as MARK2) is required for epithelial cell polarity. Nrdp1 contains an N-terminal modified C3HC3D-type RING-HC finger required for enhancing ErbB3 degradation, a B-box, a coiled-coil domain responsible for Nrdp1 oligomerization, and a C-terminal ErbB3-binding domain.